Adderall Basics

Adderall contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Both these medicines are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.

Adderall is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

  • headache, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision;
  • feeling restless, irritable, or agitated,
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • dry mouth or an unpleasant taste in your mouth;
  • diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting;
  • fever;
  • hair loss, loss of appetite, weight loss;
  • Addiction can occur
  • Long-term use of Adderall can slow a child’s growth

6.4% of full time college students age 18-22 used Adderall nonmedically in the past year (SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) 2008).

Between 2005 and 2010, the number of emergency department (ED) visits involving attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) stimulant medications increased from 13,379 to 31,244 visits (DAWN Drug Abuse Warning Network).

Signs of Use

  • Aggression
  • Hallucinations
  • Panic states
  • Hyperreflexia (overactive reflexes, which can include twitching or spasms)
  • Personality changes
  • Symptoms of depression
  • Seizures or abnormal EEGs
  • High blood pressure
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Swelling of hands/feet/ankles (for example, numbing of the fingertips)
  • Delusions
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Unexplained muscle pain
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Rhabdomyolysis and kidney damage
  • Chronic abuse can manifest itself as psychosis, often indistinguishable from schizophrenia

Street Names

  • Beans
  • Black beauties
  • Dexies
  • Pep Pills
  • Speed
  • Uppers
  • Christmas trees
  • Beanies
  • Double trouble

 


In the News

News story on Fox 17 about Adderall use in local colleges